The Covid-19 pandemic has impacted Vietnamese agricultural merchandise and exports, particularly to China, disrupting agricultural worth chains and posing dangers to farming households.
In line with Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences deputy director Dr Dao The Anh, essentially the most affected agricultural merchandise are recent fruits, greens and aquatic merchandise.
Agriculture can also be affected by ailments and pure disasters, and farmer households are most in danger, Anh instructed a discussion board on Vietnam’s agricultural coverage within the context of the pandemic on November 19 in Hanoi.
The pandemic not solely impacts farmers, small-scale producers and cooperatives but additionally export enterprises.
The outbreak brought on a discount of consumption as a result of many households have needed to tighten spending whereas items couldn’t be exported on account of border closures, resulting in the backlog, mentioned GC Meals JSC director Nguyen Van Thu.
He mentioned: “From the start of this 12 months, the corporate’s aloe vera merchandise for export have decreased by 50 per cent, affecting the corporate’s income. It solely achieved 70 per cent of the plan.”
Concerning the influence of Covid-19, Dr Pham Cong Nghiep from the Agricultural System Analysis and Growth Centre mentioned the centre’s analysis discovered agricultural worth chains of some merchandise reminiscent of black pig, ginger, banana and beef of Cao Bang and Bac Kan provinces decreased by 30-77 per cent.
The promoting costs of beef and banana additionally decreased by 21.4 per cent and 57.3 per cent, respectively.
Manufacturing prices elevated by three-to-25 per cent, resulting in the companies’ income dropping by 30-82 per cent.
The pandemic additionally affected manufacturing, transportation prices and brought on a rise within the loss and waste of farming merchandise, in line with the analysis group.
The surveys additionally confirmed that companies want help in markets, inputs to manufacturing, loans, rate of interest discount, vocational coaching, job creation, debt cost rescheduling and monetary help.
Nonetheless, the agriculture business nonetheless has alternatives amid the pandemic, in line with Dr Anh.
These embody rising demand for agricultural merchandise globally and new-generation free commerce agreements (FTAs) such because the Complete and Progressive Settlement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) and the EU-Vietnam FTA.
Nonetheless, the problem is the high-quality requirements from import markets.
On the discussion board, consultants and managers proposed mechanisms, insurance policies and options to advertise a sustainable agricultural system.
Particularly, for manufacturing items, it’s obligatory to advertise the applying of science and know-how within the processing of farming merchandise and cut back loss and waste in addition to to strengthen illness prevention and management.
The promotion of hyperlinks between manufacturing and consumption of agricultural merchandise in chains must also be strengthened to make sure product circulation and harmonious distribution of advantages between events within the pandemic.
As well as, it’s obligatory to advertise product consumption via new distribution channels like on-line sale methods.
Dr Anh instructed the state have insurance policies to put money into science and know-how to enhance the effectivity of manufacturing, help small scale farmers to take part within the worth chain and improve the chain’s danger resistance capabilities.
The state additionally ought to undertake insurance policies to strengthen the capability of farmer households, cooperatives and companies within the meals processing business and supply coaching to assist farmers professionalise.
He added it’s essential to have insurance policies to coach and foster cooperative human sources, encourage and create circumstances for companies to affiliate with cooperatives.
Some delegates additionally proposed the federal government, ministries and localities proceed to advertise options to create jobs after the pandemic.
Social safety insurance policies must be applied successfully.
The state must take part within the provide of important enter merchandise for processing to make sure a secure, enough and high quality provide.
VIET NAM NEWS/ASIA NEWS NETWORK