Historical past by no means forgets cathedral builders however hardly ever remembers the stone makers and basis layers whose contributions are as a rule quietened by the dinning march of time. Pramatha Nath Bose is one such title that we can not afford to overlook significantly when India is able to redefine her future below the proud banner of Atmanirbhar Bharat.
Bose was a pioneer within the true sense of the phrase. On the flip of the twentieth century when the nation was gripped in its lengthy and arduous wrestle in the direction of independence, it was Bose who wrote to Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata, the visionary founding father of Tata Group, concerning the treasure trove of iron ore in Mayurbhanj in Odisha that grew to become the muse for the nation’s trendy metal sector.
A geologist by coaching, Bose was born on Might 12, 1855 in Gaipur, a small village situated some 60 kms north east of Kolkata. After his early schooling in Krishnagar School and later at St. Xavier’s School, Bose went on to safe a commencement in science from London College earlier than returning to India in 1880 to grow to be the primary Indian graded officer to hitch the Geological Survey of India (GSI). Whereas his preliminary work focussed on the Siwalik fossils (now housed within the British Museum) what he did in GSI over the subsequent 20 years consists of a number of pioneering efforts together with the invention of petroleum in Assam, and a number of other mineral and coal deposits throughout India and Myanmar. He even helped in establishing the primary cleaning soap manufacturing facility in India!
His imaginative and prescient for the way forward for his nation got here wrapped in a novel scientific temperament that was clearly forward of its time. In his single-minded pursuit of India’s independence, Bose believed that the way forward for the nation’s industrialisation needed to be constructed on a robust basis of science. His imaginative and prescient was additionally a novel mix of then prevailing robust swadeshi spirit that noticed the pursuit of fabric wealth for the collective good of the nation as one thing to be happy with. India’s first President Dr Rajendra Prasad would later recall Bose’s contribution thus: “He may even at that age foresee nice potentialities for industrial enlargement by the event of geological sources, significantly of coal, iron and metal.”
Jamsetji Tata invested his capital and entrepreneurial skill, to present Bose the sources to assist arrange India’s first iron and metal business the place he invested his information of science and geology. He was conscious of the truth that all his earlier geological discoveries have been utilized by the British Raj and thus, when he found wealthy iron ore reserves in Mayurbhanj, he introduced it to the discover of Swadeshi industrialist, J N Tata, by way of his now well-known letter of February 24, 1904, that led to the institution of TISCO (now Tata Metal) at Sakchi in right this moment’s Jamshedpur in Jharkhand state. Only a yr earlier than that, he had give up GSI, citing its discriminatory insurance policies in opposition to his fellow countrymen.
The deep sense of patriotism felt by Bose in the direction of his nation had made him mirror on the reason for poverty in India and seek for doable options. He later wrote: “There’s scarcely a bit of our inhabitants that could be mentioned to be affluent. Our artisans, our peasants, our labourers, our educated lessons, all are sunk in poverty. The outlook for them is equally gloomy. The Authorities providers can supply just a few drops of water amongst thirsty tens of millions. The one treatment that’s more likely to be of very extensive software and is more likely to afford substantial reduction to all lessons of our individuals is the event of our industries. It’s industries alone which might relieve the misery of the mass of the individuals by lightening the stress upon land; it’s industries alone that may relieve the misery of our center lessons by affording them openings aside from clerkships.”
As we speak because the second largest metal producer on this planet, when India stands head and shoulder above the remainder, we owe an incredible debt of gratitude to P N Bose who legacy may be present in each ounce of metal that claims ‘Made in India.’
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