In Ludwigshafen, Germany, Dr. Martin Brudermüller (BASF) and Dr. Markus Krebber (RWE), accompanied by Chairman of the Mining, Chemical and Power Industries Union (IG BCE) Michael Vassiliadis, presented a venture concept that envisions a brand new 2 GW offshore wind farm within the German North Sea to supply the Ludwigshafen chemical web site with inexperienced electrical energy and allow CO2-free manufacturing of hydrogen.
The intention of the “Offshore-to-X” venture is to affect the manufacturing processes for primary chemical substances, that are at the moment based mostly on fossil fuels.
The 2GW wind farm will produce round 7,500 GWh of inexperienced electrical energy per yr
This is able to be along with the deliberate 20 GW by 2030 in present laws. The inexperienced electrical energy would due to this fact meet the criterion of additionality.
The potential offshore websites for this venture are ones which are at the moment solely deliberate for the interval after 2030 based on Germany’s Web site Improvement Plan and Community Improvement Plan. RWE will develop, construct and function the wind park.
BASF will personal a stake.
Round 80% of the roughly 7,500 GWh produced by the wind park will probably be equipped as inexperienced electrical energy for revolutionary applied sciences for CO2 discount and thus energy the transformation of BASF websites in Germany, particularly the Verbund web site in Ludwigshafen. Examples of such applied sciences are:
eCracker: Electrically heated steam cracker furnaces to supply petrochemicals at excessive temperatures (~850 °C); these temperatures will probably be reached within the eCracker utilizing electrical energy as a substitute of pure fuel.
Methane pyrolysis: Methane pyrolysis makes use of inexperienced electrical energy to separate methane into hydrogen and carbon. The hydrogen can be utilized, for instance, to supply inexperienced ammonia. One other output of this course of is high-purity stable carbon, a helpful uncooked materials that may change carbon in numerous industrial sectors, such because the metal business.
Energy-to-heat: Electrode boilers and high-temperature warmth pumps will make it doable to make use of inexperienced electrical energy as a substitute of fossil fuels to supply course of warmth.
Round 20% of the electrical energy produced by the wind park can be used to supply inexperienced hydrogen in northwestern Germany—roughly 30 million kilograms of inexperienced hydrogen per yr to be used in different industrial segments.
To advance the joint venture, the CEOs of BASF and RWE have signed a letter of intent overlaying a wide-ranging cooperation for the creation of further capacities for renewable electrical energy and the usage of revolutionary applied sciences for local weather safety.
These plans may outcome within the avoidance of round 3.8 million metric tons of CO2 emissions per yr, of which 2.8 million tons can be realized straight at BASF in Ludwigshafen. It reveals very clearly how local weather safety and competitiveness may be harmonized within the chemical business. No public subsidies can be wanted for the development of the wind farm.
With out the supply of adequate volumes of electrical energy from renewable sources at aggressive costs, our future transformation won’t be doable! This activity is barely achievable with revolutionary and intensive cooperation between politics and business. And it requires collaboration throughout the worth chains. In our partnership between RWE as a number one firm in energy technology and BASF in chemical substances, we carry collectively the required conditions and the need to form issues.
—Martin Brudermüller, Chairman of the Board of Govt Administrators of BASF SE
Coupling a brand new offshore wind farm already within the strategy planning stage to an industrial buyer corresponding to BASF, who will convert its manufacturing to inexperienced electrical energy and hydrogen on this foundation, can be a primary for Germany. The conclusion of our proposal would characterize a real acceleration of the enlargement of renewable energies. After all, there are nonetheless some open questions, however we wish to push this ahead—the sooner, the higher. That is how we are going to form the power transition.
—Markus Krebber, CEO of RWE
Realizing this plan would require an acceptable regulatory framework. Policymakers have mentioned they plan to extend the enlargement targets for renewable energies considerably and to speed up capability additions. For this to succeed, there’ll must be a tendering course of for offshore venture websites the place the present plans solely foresee use after 2030.
The businesses say that these websites needs to be particularly designated for tenders centered on industrial transformation processes. One other necessary issue: Inexperienced electrical energy shouldn’t be topic to EEG levy. As well as, there’s at the moment no regulatory framework for CO2-free hydrogen manufacturing.