To achieve local weather targets, industries must speed up the transition in direction of a low-carbon, useful resource environment friendly and round economic system. The chemical sector is without doubt one of the most difficult, but in addition a really promising one, in that context. On the forefront of waste reutilization, bio-based industries (BIs) have the potential to cleared the path and create a brand new and extra sustainable sector based mostly on the precept of carbon seize and utilization (CCU) additionally referred to as CO2 recycling. Based mostly on this round idea, BI’s will cut back their greenhouse fuel (GHG) emissions, their dependency on fossil carbon import and the exploitation of key sources similar to power, uncooked supplies, land and water.
Ranging from June 2021, the EU Horizon 2020 undertaking VIVALDI – innoVative bIo-based chains for CO2 VALorisation as aDded-value organIc acids, will develop a set of breakthrough biotechnologies to remodel actual off-gases from key BI sectors (Meals & Drinks, Pulp & Paper, Bioethanol and Biochemicals) into novel feedstock for the chemical trade. The core of VIVALDI answer is to seize, enrich and remodel in a two-steps course of (electrochemical and organic) the CO2 captured into 4 platform natural acids. These ensuing compounds have varied functions: they can be utilized in the identical website, enhancing the sustainability and circularity of BIs processes and merchandise, or open new enterprise alternatives as constructing blocks for novel biomaterial (e.g. bioplastics and animal feed). By integrating this idea, industries will “kill two birds with one stone”: not solely BI’s carbon emissions can be diminished, however the manufacturing of natural compounds that immediately could be very energy-intensive will grow to be cheaper and extra sustainable.
“We’ll develop tailored worth chains for every sort of firm. We’ll increase the circularity of the vegetation with the use vitamins recovered from the identical industries and can pave the way in which for the rising CO2-based sector”, states Prof. Albert Guisasola, from the Division of Chemical, Organic and Environmental Engineering and VIVALDI’s coordinator.
Replicability can be a key facet of VIVALDI options, permitting different biorefineries and different industrial sectors to grow to be extra round and cut back their environmental affect.
The success of the undertaking can be ensured by a multidisciplinary and worldwide consortium led by the GENOCOV analysis group of Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. The 16 companions vary from BIs (SunPine AB, Damm and Bioagra) and know-how builders (VITO, UFZ, LEITAT, Processium, Avantium, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, College of Pure Sources and Life Sciences – Vienna, Luleå College of Know-how) to end-user (Vitamin Sciences). Novamont will analysis find out how to use CO2 alongside its complete value-chain: from the seize of their CO2 emissions to the conversion of it into new biochemicals. The group is complemented by three information hubs: the sustainability and circularity skilled group (BETA from Universitat de Vic), the know-how and innovation consultancy (ISLE) and the European Affiliation representing the Carbon Seize and Utilisation neighborhood in Europe (CO2 Worth Europe).
Two completely different analysis teams from UAB can be collaborating in VIVALDI. On the one facet, GENOCOV can be coordinating the undertaking and main the bioelectrochemical nutrient restoration from industrial reactors and the design of a novel electrobioreactor the place electrochemistry meets fermentative processes. On the opposite facet, ENG4BIO will take part in these engineering and up-scaling of those fermentative processes with their broad expertise in methylotrophic yeasts.
The consortium is able to remodel biorefineries, envisioning a brand new CO2-based industrial sector that contributes to largely lower the carbon footprint of the trade and increase the EU’s economic system.